Top 10 Health Insurance Tips Every Indian Should know



Health insurance is a crucial aspect of financial planning, especially in a country like India with its rising healthcare costs. Having the right health insurance policy can provide you and your family with the necessary financial protection during medical emergencies. However, navigating the world of health insurance can be overwhelming, with numerous policies and providers to choose from.

In this article, we will provide you with the top 10 health insurance tips that every Indian should know. Whether you are a first-time buyer or looking to renew your existing policy, these tips will help you make informed decisions and ensure that you have the coverage you need. So let’s get started!

Note: The information provided in this article is general in nature and may not apply to specific circumstances. It is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or insurance advisor for personalized advice.

Understanding Health Insurance Basics

When it comes to health insurance, it’s important to have a good understanding of the basics. This will help you make informed decisions and ensure that you get the coverage you need. Let’s dive into some key aspects of health insurance:

Types of Health Insurance Policies

Health insurance policies come in different types, each offering different levels of coverage. It’s important to choose a policy that suits your needs. Here are some common types of health insurance policies in India:

  • Individual Health Insurance: This policy covers a single person and provides coverage for medical expenses incurred by that individual.
  • Family Floater Health Insurance: This policy covers a whole family, including the policyholder, spouse, and children. The sum assured is shared among all members of the family.
  • Group Health Insurance: This policy is provided by employers to their employees. It offers coverage to a group of people, usually at a lower cost than individual policies.

Coverage and Exclusions

Health insurance policies provide coverage for a wide range of medical expenses. However, it’s important to carefully read the policy documents to understand what is covered and what is not. Here are some common inclusions and exclusions in health insurance policies:

  • Inclusions: Hospitalization expenses, pre and post-hospitalization expenses, day-care procedures, ambulance charges, etc.
  • Exclusions: Pre-existing diseases (for a specified waiting period), cosmetic procedures, alternative treatments, self-inflicted injuries, etc.

Premiums and Deductibles

When you purchase a health insurance policy, you’ll need to pay premiums. Premiums are the amount you pay to the insurance company to maintain the coverage. Here are some important things to know about premiums and deductibles:

  • Premiums: The premiums you pay will depend on various factors such as your age, sum insured, type of policy, and your medical history.
  • Deductibles: A deductible is the amount you must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. Higher deductibles may result in lower premiums but will also require you to pay more in case of a claim.

Understanding these basics will give you a solid foundation for navigating the world of health insurance. In the next section, we’ll discuss how to assess your healthcare needs to make sure you have the right coverage.

Assessing Your Healthcare Needs

When it comes to choosing the right health insurance policy, it is crucial to assess your healthcare needs thoroughly. Taking the time to evaluate your requirements will help you make an informed decision and select a policy that best meets your needs. Here are some important factors to consider when assessing your healthcare needs:

Determining Coverage Required

  • Evaluate your medical history and anticipate any potential health issues or specific treatments you may require.
  • Consider the health needs of your family members, including children, elderly parents, or any individuals with pre-existing conditions.
  • Take into account your lifestyle, such as whether you engage in high-risk activities or travel frequently.

By understanding your coverage requirements, you can ensure that you choose a health insurance policy that adequately addresses your specific healthcare needs.

Considering Pre-existing Conditions

  • Determine if you or any family members have pre-existing medical conditions.
  • Understand how these conditions may impact your coverage and any restrictions that may apply.
  • Research if the policy you are considering offers coverage for pre-existing conditions and what the waiting period might be.

Considering pre-existing conditions is essential to ensure that you are adequately protected and that your treatments and medications are covered by your health insurance policy.

Evaluating Family Healthcare Needs

  • Take into account the age and health conditions of all family members.
  • Consider potential healthcare expenses for routine check-ups, vaccinations, or age-specific screenings.
  • Assess the need for maternity coverage, especially if you are planning to start or expand your family.

By evaluating your family’s healthcare needs, you can choose a policy that provides sufficient coverage for everyone in your household, giving you peace of mind and financial security.

Remember that each individual’s healthcare needs are unique, so it is important to assess your requirements thoroughly and choose a health insurance policy that aligns with your specific needs.

“Assessing your healthcare needs is an essential step in choosing the right health insurance policy. By considering factors such as necessary coverage, pre-existing conditions, and family healthcare needs, you can make an informed decision that provides adequate protection and peace of mind.”

Researching Insurance Providers

When it comes to health insurance, choosing the right insurance provider is crucial. You want to make sure that you’re getting the best coverage for your needs, as well as having a reliable and trustworthy company to rely on. Here are some key tips for researching insurance providers:

Checking Insurance Company’s Reputation

  • Do your homework: Research the insurance companies you’re considering. Look for reviews and feedback from customers to get a sense of their reputation and reliability.
  • Check for complaints: Visit the website of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to find out if there have been any complaints or grievances against the insurance company you’re interested in.
  • Consider company size: Larger insurance companies often have more resources and better claim settlement ratios. However, smaller companies might offer more personalized service.

Understanding Network Hospitals and Tie-ups

  • Check the network hospitals: Find out which hospitals and healthcare providers are tied up with the insurance company. This will help you ensure that you have a wide range of options for medical services and treatments.
  • Consider proximity: Look for insurance providers that have tie-ups with hospitals and clinics in your area. This will make it more convenient for you to get the medical care you need, without having to travel long distances.

Reading Policy Wordings

  • Don’t skip the fine print: Take the time to thoroughly read and understand the policy wordings. It’s important to know exactly what is covered and what isn’t.
  • Look for exclusions: Pay attention to the exclusions listed in the policy. These are the conditions and treatments that are not covered by the insurance. Make sure you’re aware of them before you make a decision.

Researching insurance providers may take some time and effort, but it’s well worth it in the long run. By doing your due diligence, you can ensure that you’re choosing a company that meets your needs and offers reliable coverage. So, take the time to read reviews, understand the network hospitals, and carefully review the policy wordings. It will give you peace of mind knowing that you’re making an informed decision about your health insurance.

Comparing Health Insurance Plans

When it comes to choosing a health insurance plan, it’s important to carefully compare your options. Different insurance providers offer different plans, each with its own coverage, benefits, terms, and premium costs. By comparing health insurance plans, you can ensure that you find the perfect fit for your needs and budget. Here are some key factors to consider when comparing health insurance plans:

Comparing Coverage and Benefits

One of the most important aspects to consider when comparing health insurance plans is the coverage and benefits they offer. Look for plans that provide comprehensive coverage for a wide range of medical services, including hospitalization, surgeries, doctor’s visits, laboratory tests, and prescription medications. Additionally, check if the plan covers pre-existing conditions, maternity expenses, and critical illnesses.

Consider the benefits provided by each plan, such as wellness programs, preventive care, and alternative therapies. Some plans also offer additional perks, such as telemedicine services or discounts on healthcare services and products. Carefully evaluate the coverage and benefits offered by each plan to ensure it aligns with your healthcare needs.

Reviewing Policy Terms and Conditions

Another important factor to consider is the terms and conditions of the health insurance plan. This includes understanding the waiting periods for pre-existing conditions, maternity coverage, and specific treatments. Take note of any limitations or exclusions mentioned in the policy, as this can vary between plans. Additionally, consider the policy’s renewal terms, cancellation policy, and any waiting periods for specific benefits.

Analyzing Premiums and Deductibles

When comparing health insurance plans, it’s crucial to analyze the premiums and deductibles associated with each plan. The premium is the amount you pay to the insurance company on a regular basis, typically monthly or annually. Deductible refers to the amount you need to pay out of pocket before the insurance coverage kicks in.

Consider your budget and financial capabilities when evaluating the premiums and deductibles of different plans. While a plan with a lower premium may be enticing, it’s important to also consider the deductibles and co-pays associated with it. A plan with higher deductibles may have lower premiums, but it could mean higher out-of-pocket expenses when you need medical care.

Comparing and Understanding Additional Costs

In addition to premiums and deductibles, there may be other costs associated with health insurance plans. These costs can include co-pays for doctor’s visits or prescription medications, co-insurance (a percentage of the medical expenses that you are responsible for), and any penalties or fees for using out-of-network providers.

Compare and calculate these additional costs for different plans to get a clearer picture of the total expenses you may incur. This will help you make an informed decision and avoid any surprises when using your health insurance.

Remember, it’s essential to carefully compare health insurance plans to find the right balance between coverage, benefits, and costs. Take the time to review the policy terms and conditions, assess the coverage and benefits provided, and consider the premiums, deductibles, and additional costs. By doing so, you can choose a plan that meets your healthcare needs and offers financial protection.

Understanding the Claim Process

Filing a health insurance claim can be a daunting task, but understanding the process can help simplify it and ensure a smooth experience. Here are some important things to know about the claim process:

Knowing Cashless and Reimbursement Claims

  • Cashless Claims: In a cashless claim, the insured individual doesn’t have to make any payments at the hospital. The insurance company settles the bills directly with the hospital.
  • Reimbursement Claims: In a reimbursement claim, the insured individual pays for the medical expenses and then submits the bills to the insurance company for reimbursement.

Submitting Required Documents

When filing a claim, it’s essential to submit all the necessary documents to the insurance company. This includes:

  • Claim form: Fill out the claim form provided by the insurance company with accurate information.
  • Medical bills: Submit all the original medical bills, invoices, and receipts related to the treatment.
  • Medical reports: Attach any medical reports, prescriptions, or test results relevant to the claim.
  • Discharge summary: Include the discharge summary from the hospital indicating the treatment received.
  • Other supporting documents: Depending on the nature of the claim, additional documents like referral letters or accident reports may be required.

Understanding TAT and Claim Settlement Ratio

  • TAT (Turnaround Time): TAT refers to the time taken by the insurance company to process and settle the claim. It’s important to know the TAT of your insurance provider and ensure they have a quick and efficient claim settlement process.
  • Claim Settlement Ratio: This ratio indicates the number of claims settled by the insurance company compared to the total number of claims received. A higher claim settlement ratio indicates a reliable and efficient insurance provider.

Remember to keep copies of all the documents you submit for your own records.

Understanding the claim process is crucial to ensure a hassle-free experience when filing a health insurance claim. By familiarizing yourself with the different types of claims, submitting the required documents, and being aware of the TAT and claim settlement ratio, you can navigate the process with confidence.

Optimizing Coverage for Critical Illnesses

When it comes to health insurance, one area that requires special attention is coverage for critical illnesses. Critical illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and stroke can have a significant impact on your finances and overall well-being. To ensure you are adequately protected, here are some key tips for optimizing coverage for critical illnesses:

Importance of Critical Illness Coverage

Having a specific critical illness coverage in your health insurance plan is essential because:

  • Critical illnesses often require specialized treatments, which can be expensive.
  • The treatment costs for critical illnesses are usually higher compared to regular medical expenses.
  • Dealing with a critical illness can also result in loss of income due to reduced work capacity or time taken off for treatment and recovery.
  • Having adequate coverage for critical illnesses provides you peace of mind and financial security during a difficult time.

Evaluating Critical Illness Riders

One way to enhance your coverage for critical illnesses is by considering a critical illness rider. A rider is an additional coverage that can be added to your existing health insurance policy. Here’s what you need to keep in mind:

  • Types of critical illnesses covered: Different insurance providers may cover different critical illnesses under their riders. Ensure that the rider covers the specific critical illnesses that you are concerned about.
  • Coverage amount: Check the amount of coverage provided under the rider. This should be sufficient to cover the anticipated costs of treatment and other related expenses.
  • Waiting period: Some riders may have a waiting period before they become effective. Understand the waiting period associated with the rider and choose options that align with your needs.
  • Premium cost: Consider the additional premium cost of the rider. Ensure that it is affordable and within your budget.

Assessing Waiting Periods

Apart from the waiting period associated with critical illness riders, it is also important to assess waiting periods related to critical illness coverage in your base health insurance policy. A waiting period is a specific time frame during which you are not eligible to claim any benefits for certain pre-existing conditions or illnesses. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Length of waiting period: Different insurance providers may have different waiting periods ranging from one to four years for critical illnesses. Choose a policy with a waiting period that aligns with your needs and medical history.
  • Pre-existing conditions: Some policies may have longer waiting periods for pre-existing conditions. Ensure that you are aware of the waiting period specifically for pre-existing conditions and how it may affect your coverage.
  • Coverage during waiting period: Understand the coverage provided during the waiting period. Some policies may offer limited coverage during the waiting period, while others may exclude certain treatments or expenses.

By evaluating waiting periods and understanding the coverage provided, you can make an informed decision about your critical illness coverage and ensure that you are adequately protected.

Remember, optimizing coverage for critical illnesses is crucial to protect yourself and your loved ones. By considering critical illness riders, understanding waiting periods, and assessing coverage requirements, you can ensure that you have the right level of protection for any unforeseen circumstances.

“The greatest wealth is health.” – Virgil

Stay Informed about Policy Renewals

Keeping track of your health insurance policy renewals is essential to ensure continuous coverage for you and your family. Missing the renewal deadline can result in a lapse of coverage and leave you vulnerable to hefty medical bills. To stay informed about policy renewals, follow these important tips:

Renewal Dates and Grace Periods

  • Pay attention to the renewal dates mentioned in your health insurance policy. These dates indicate when your current policy is set to expire.
  • Mark the renewal dates on your calendar or set a reminder on your phone to avoid forgetting about them.
  • Many insurance providers offer a grace period for policyholders to renew their policies after the due date. However, it is crucial to be aware of the duration of this grace period.
  • Ensure that you initiate the renewal process within the grace period to prevent any interruptions in your coverage.

Reviewing Policy Coverage Changes

  • Insurance policies may undergo changes in coverage and benefits from year to year. It’s important to review these changes before renewing your policy.
  • Check if there are any new additions or exclusions in the policy coverage that may affect your healthcare needs.
  • Assess whether the coverage offered by your existing policy still aligns with your requirements. If not, consider switching to a different plan during the renewal process.

Considering Health Check-ups

  • Some health insurance policies require policyholders to undergo regular health check-ups as a part of the renewal process.
  • Make sure to schedule these check-ups well in advance of your renewal date to avoid any last-minute hassles.
  • These check-ups can also help you identify any underlying health conditions that may require special coverage or treatment.

Staying informed about policy renewals will enable you to have peace of mind knowing that you and your loved ones have continuous health insurance coverage. Don’t forget to review your policy coverage changes and consider any necessary health check-ups before renewing your insurance. In case of any doubts or changes needed, reach out to your insurance provider or a trusted insurance agent for assistance.

Utilizing Cashless Hospitalization

One of the most convenient features of health insurance is cashless hospitalization. With cashless hospitalization, you can get medical treatment without worrying about upfront payments. Instead of paying the hospital bills and then filing for reimbursement, you can simply show your health insurance card and the payment will be settled directly with the hospital. This not only saves you the hassle of arranging funds but also provides financial relief during medical emergencies.

Knowing Network Hospitals

To avail of cashless hospitalization, it is important to understand the concept of network hospitals. These are healthcare facilities that have a tie-up with your insurance provider. When you visit a network hospital, you can enjoy the cashless facility. The insurance company and the hospital have a pre-negotiated agreement regarding the rates and services, making the payment process smooth and hassle-free.

Before choosing a health insurance plan, make sure to check if the insurance provider has a wide network of hospitals in your area. This ensures that you have access to quality healthcare services without any financial burden.

Showing Health Insurance Card

When you visit a network hospital for treatment, remember to carry your health insurance card. This card serves as proof of your insurance coverage and helps in initiating the cashless hospitalization process. Present your card at the hospital’s billing counter during admission or at the time of discharge.

In case you don’t have your physical health insurance card with you, some insurance companies also provide digital health insurance cards or e-cards. These can be easily accessed through mobile applications or by logging into your insurance provider’s online portal. Ensure that you have the necessary details and proof of identity to present when using the digital health insurance card.

Informing Insurance Provider

Before undergoing any planned hospitalization, it is recommended to inform your insurance provider in advance. This helps them to provide you with necessary guidance and ensure a smooth cashless hospitalization process. Additionally, your insurance provider can also guide you on the necessary documentation and any pre-authorization requirements for certain medical procedures.

In case of emergency hospitalization, if informing the insurance provider beforehand is not possible, make sure to notify them as soon as possible after admission. This ensures that your claim process starts on time and any necessary authorizations are obtained promptly.

Cashless hospitalization is a convenient feature that makes health insurance truly valuable. By understanding the concept of network hospitals, carrying your health insurance card, and staying in touch with your insurance provider, you can make the most of cashless hospitalization. It provides peace of mind during medical emergencies and ensures that you receive the necessary medical treatment without any financial burden.

Making Informed Financial Decisions

When it comes to health insurance, making informed financial decisions is crucial. Choosing the right insurance coverage and setting aside the appropriate amount of funds can ensure that you’re adequately protected in case of a medical emergency. Here are some tips to help you make the right financial decisions when it comes to health insurance:

Estimating Insurance Coverage Required

It’s essential to estimate the amount of insurance coverage you need. Consider factors such as your age, medical history, and family medical history. Take into account the potential costs of hospitalization, surgeries, and treatments. A good rule of thumb is to have coverage that is at least six to ten times your annual income to safeguard against major medical expenses.

Setting Emergency Fund

In addition to health insurance coverage, it’s crucial to have an emergency fund. An emergency fund is a pool of money set aside specifically for unexpected expenses, such as medical emergencies. It provides a safety net and helps prevent financial strain. Aim to have three to six months’ worth of living expenses saved in your emergency fund.

Choosing the Right Sum Insured

The sum insured is the maximum amount that your insurance provider will pay in case of a claim. It’s important to choose the right sum insured based on your individual needs. Consider factors such as your age, medical history, and lifestyle. A higher sum insured may provide better coverage but also comes with a higher premium. Evaluate your current and potential future healthcare needs to determine the optimal sum insured for you.

Remember, health insurance is an investment in your well-being. It’s important to carefully consider your options and make decisions that align with your needs and financial capabilities.

“Healthcare is not just about medical procedures. It’s also about peace of mind and financial security.” – Unknown

Seeking Professional Advice

When it comes to making important decisions about your health insurance, seeking professional advice can be extremely beneficial. Insurance agents, brokers, and financial planners have the expertise and knowledge to guide you through the complex world of health insurance. Here are some reasons why seeking professional advice is important:

  1. Consulting Insurance Agents or Brokers: Insurance agents or brokers specialize in helping individuals and families navigate the insurance market. They can provide information about different policies, help you understand the terms and conditions, and assist you in finding the best plan that suits your specific needs and budget.
  2. Speaking with Financial Planners: Financial planners are trained professionals who can help you make informed financial decisions, including selecting health insurance coverage. They can assess your current financial situation, evaluate your long-term goals, and recommend suitable insurance plans. Financial planners can also provide advice on how health insurance fits into your overall financial strategy.
  3. Utilizing Online Insurance Tools: In today’s digital age, there are numerous online tools and resources available that can assist you in comparing and selecting health insurance plans. These tools allow you to input your specific requirements and preferences and generate a list of options that match your criteria. While these tools can be helpful, it’s still beneficial to consult with a professional to ensure you fully understand the terms and conditions of the policies.

It’s important to remember that seeking professional advice doesn’t mean you should rely solely on the recommendations given. It’s always a good idea to do your own research, ask questions, and be an active participant in the decision-making process. Remember, professionals are there to guide you, but ultimately, the decision is yours to make.


In conclusion, understanding the ins and outs of health insurance is essential for every individual in India. By following these top ten tips, you can make informed decisions and ensure that you and your family have the best healthcare coverage:

  1. Types of Health Insurance Policies: Familiarize yourself with the different types of health insurance policies available, such as individual plans, family floater plans, and group plans. Choose the one that suits your needs.
  2. Coverage and Exclusions: Carefully review the coverage provided by the policy, including hospitalization expenses, pre- and post-hospitalization expenses, and specific treatments covered, as well as any exclusions that may apply.
  3. Premiums and Deductibles: Consider your budget and choose a policy with premiums and deductibles that are affordable for you.
  4. Determining Coverage Required: Assess your healthcare needs and determine the coverage required for yourself and your family.
  5. Considering Pre-existing Conditions: Take into account any pre-existing health conditions you or your family members have. Some policies may provide coverage for these conditions after a specific waiting period.
  6. Evaluating Family Healthcare Needs: Consider the healthcare requirements of all family members, including children and elderly parents, when choosing a health insurance plan.
  7. Checking Insurance Company’s Reputation: Research the reputation and track record of the insurance company you are considering. Look for reviews and ratings to ensure they have a good claim settlement record.
  8. Understanding Network Hospitals and Tie-ups: Ensure that the insurance provider has a wide network of hospitals and tie-ups in your area. This will make it easier for you to avail cashless hospitalization facilities.
  9. Reading Policy Wordings: Carefully read and understand the policy wordings to know the terms and conditions, claim procedures, and any additional benefits or features.
  10. Comparing Coverage and Benefits: Compare multiple health insurance plans to ensure you are getting the best coverage and benefits at the most competitive price.

Remember, health insurance is not just an expense but an investment in your well-being and peace of mind. By optimizing your coverage, understanding the claim process, and staying informed about policy renewals, you can make the most of your health insurance plan.

Additionally, seeking professional advice from insurance agents, financial planners, or utilizing online insurance tools can provide valuable insights and guidance in choosing the right plan for your needs.

With these tips in mind, you can navigate the world of health insurance with confidence, ensuring that you and your loved ones have adequate protection and access to quality healthcare when you need it. Take the time to research, compare, and choose wisely – your health and financial security depend on it.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Why is health insurance important in India?

    Health insurance is important in India because it provides financial protection against high medical expenses. It ensures that individuals can access quality healthcare without worrying about the financial burden.

  2. What are the different types of health insurance plans available in India?

    There are different types of health insurance plans available in India, including individual health insurance, family health insurance, senior citizen health insurance, and group health insurance provided by employers.

  3. What factors should I consider when choosing a health insurance plan?

    When choosing a health insurance plan, factors to consider include the coverage amount, network hospitals, waiting period for pre-existing diseases, claim settlement ratio, premium affordability, and additional benefits offered.

  4. Can I include my family members in my health insurance plan?

    Yes, most health insurance plans in India allow you to include your family members in the coverage. This ensures that your entire family is protected against medical expenses.

  5. What is the process to file a health insurance claim?

    To file a health insurance claim, you need to inform the insurance company within the specified time, submit the required documents such as medical bills and reports, and complete the claim form provided by the insurance company.